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English & Other Languages

Latin Prefixes, roots and suffixes in english

Latin was the language spoken by the ancient Romans. As the Romans conquered most of Europe, the Latin language spread throughout the region. Over time, the Latin spoken in different areas developed into separate languages, including Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. These languages are considered “sisters,” as they all descended from Latin, their “mother” language.

Linguists estimate that some 60% of our common everyday English vocabulary today comes from French. Thus, many Latin words came into English indirectly through French.

Many Latin words came into English directly, though, too. Monks from Rome brought religious vocabulary as well as Christianity to England beginning in the 6th century. From the Middle Ages onward many scientific, scholarly, and legal terms were borrowed from Latin.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, dictionary writers and grammarians generally felt that English was an imperfect language whereas Latin was perfect. In order to improve the language, they deliberately made up a lot of English words from Latin words. For example, fraternity, from Latin fraternitas, was thought to be better than the native English word brotherhood.

Many English words and word parts can be traced back to Latin and Greek. This latin prefixes and suffixes table, we list some common Latin roots, latin prefixes numbers and suffixes.

You can also check out this post on common Latin words in English language

Prefixes

The following table gives a list of Latin prefixes worksheet and their basic meanings.

The following table gives a list of Latin prefixes worksheet and their basic meanings.

Latin prefix

Basic meaning

Example words

co-

Together

coauthor, coedit, coheir

de-

away, off; generally indicates reversal or removal in English

deactivate, debone, defrost, decompress, deplane

dis-

not, not any

disbelief, discomfort, discredit, disrepair, disrespect

inter-

between, among

international, interfaith, intertwine, intercellular, interject

non-

Not

nonessential, nonmetallic, nonresident, nonviolence, nonskid, nonstop

post-

After

postdate, postwar, postnasal, postnatal

pre-

Before

preconceive, preexist, premeditate, predispose, prepossess, prepay

re-

again; back, backward

rearrange, rebuild, recall, remake, rerun, rewrite

sub-

Under

submarine, subsoil, subway, subhuman, substandard

trans-

across, beyond, through

transatlantic, transpolar

 

Suffixes and root

Words and word roots may also combine with suffixes. Here are examples of some important English suffixes that come from Latin

Latin suffix

Basic meaning

Example words

-able, -ible

forms adjectives and means “capable or worthy of”

likable, flexible

-ation

forms nouns from verbs

creation, civilization, automation, speculation, information

-fy, -ify

forms verbs and means “to make or cause to become”

purify, acidify, humidify

-ment

forms nouns from verbs

entertainment, amazement, statement, banishment

-ty, -ity

forms nouns from adjectives

subtlety, certainty, cruelty, frailty, loyalty, royalty; eccentricity, electricity, peculiarity, similarity, technicality

 

 

Latin root

Basic meaning

Example words

-dict-

to say

contradict, dictate, diction, edict, predict

-duc-

to lead, bring, take

deduce, produce, reduce

-gress-

to walk

digress, progress, transgress

-ject-

to throw

eject, inject, interject, project, reject, subject

-pel-

to drive

compel, dispel, impel, repel

-pend-

to hang

append, depend, impend, pendant, pendulum

-port-

to carry

comport, deport, export, import, report, support

-scrib-, -script-

to write

describe, description, prescribe, prescription, subscribe, subscription, transcribe, transcription

-tract-

to pull, drag, draw

attract, contract, detract, extract, protract, retract, traction

-vert-

to turn

convert, divert, invert, revert

 

Others

Here are some more Latin prefixes that you can commonly find in English Language

Prefix

Meaning

Example

a, an

without, not

asexual, amoral, anarchy, anhydrous, Anabaptist, anachronism

ab, abs, a

apart, away from

abnormal, abduct, abductor (muscle), abscission .See ad in Prefixes,

Ad

toward

adhere, adductor (muscle) . See ab in Prefixes section), adumbrate

Agree

act

agent, agency, agenda

amphi, ambi

round, both sides

amphitheater, amphibian, ambidextrous, ambivalent

Ante

before

antedate, anteroom, antecedent, anterior

Anthro

man

anthropology, anthropomorphic

Anti

against

antipathy, antitank, anticlimax

Aqua

water

aquarium, aqueous

archaios

ancient

archeology, archetype, archaic, archeozoic

Archos

leader, first, chief

monarchy, oligarchy, anarchy, archetype, architect

Audio

hear

audiophile, audiometer, auditory

Auto

self

automatic, automaton, auto-immune

Bi

two

bi-partisan, bisexual, biennial, binary, bicuspid, bivalve

Bene

well, favorable

benefit, benevolent, benefactor, beneficent

Bible

book

bibliography, Bible, bibliophile

Bio

life

biology, biography, bio-active

Caco

Bad

cacophony

Cide

kill

homicide, parricide, germicidal, ecocide

Circum

around

circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate

constitutus

stand

constitution, statute

Corpus

body

corpse, corporeal punishment, corpus callosum

Cracy

rule

democracy, theocrat, technocracy

Credo

belief

credit, (see also roots section)

Demos

people

democracy, demographic

Di

two, double

dimorphism, dicotyledon, diatomic

Dia

across, through

diagonal, dialectic, dialogue, diagnosis

Dis

not, apart

disperse, disinherit, disenfranchise, distend

dominus

lord

dominant, dominion

dynasthai

be able

dynamic, dynamo, dynasty, dynamite

Ego

I, self

ego, egomaniac, egocentric,

 

Epi

upon, over

epidermis, epidemic, epigram, epitaph, epithet, epiphyte, epistasis, epinephrine, epiphysis

Ex

out

exotic, exterior, extraneous, extemporaneous, exophalmic, exogenous, exothermic, exoskeleton

federis

league, pact

federation, confederate

Frater

brother

fraternize, fraternity, fraternal, fratricide

Geo

earth

geology, geography, geocentric, geomancy

Graph

write, record

graphic, graphite, graphology,

Hetero

mixed, unlike

heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox, heterodont, hetero atom, heterocyclic, heterozygous,

Homo

same, alike

homogeneous, homogenized, homozygous, homolytic fission, Homo sapiens, homonid, homeostasis

Idem

the same

identity, idiopathic, I, individual

Ideo

idea

ideology, ideation, ideal

Idios

one’s own

idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiopathic

In

in

incarcerate, incorporate, inculcate, induction, inductance, indigenous, indicator, inspiration

in, im

not

incredible, ignoble, inglorious, inhospitable, infinite, infinitesimal, immoral

 

SOURCES

Latin Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes – InfoPlease. https://www.infoplease.com/arts-entertainment/writing-and-language/latin-roots-prefixes-and-suffixes

50 Common latin words in english you should know

Latin is one of the oldest and most ancient languages to exist in history. While there may not be cities and countries full of people speaking Latin these days, that doesn’t mean the ancient language is something you can just forget about. Not only are many of our words in English (not to mention many other languages) derived from Latin, but many of its words and phrases are still used in today’s daily speaking and writing.

About sixty percent of the English language comes from Latin. You would be surprised the number of words, and which words exactly have their origins from Latin. Out of the large number, we compiled quite a few.  Here are 50 Latin words in English translation, their definitions and the English derivatives.

If you’re interested in more about the connection of the English language and Latin, check out this article on Latin prefixes.

You can as well challenge yourself further to think of more English words that may have come from these Latin roots, and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.

Latin Words in English Language

Latin Word

Definition

English Derivatives

Villa

villa, house

villa, village, villager

Alta

tall, high, deep

altitude, altimeter, alto

Antiqua

antique, old

antique, antiquity, ancient

Longa

Long

longitude, longevity, long

Magna

large, great

magnify, magnificent, magnitude

Picture

Picture

picture, picturesque, pictorial

Nova

New

novice, novel, novelty, nova, Nova Scotia

Terra

land, earth

terrier, terrace, terrestrial, terrain

Prima

First

prime, primary, primitive, primeval

Sub

Under

subway, subterranean, suburban

Corna

Horn

cornucopia, cornet, clavicorn

Est

Is

estate, establish, essence

Habere

Have

have, habit, habitual

Casa

small house

Casino

Via

Street

via

Parva

Small

parval, parvanimity

Lata

wide, broad

latitude, lateral, latitudinal

Bona

Good

bonus, bonanza, bona fide

Copia

Plenty

copious, cornucopia, copiously

Fama

Fame

fame, famous, infamous

Provincial

Province

province, provincial, provincialism

Multa

Many

multitude, multiple, multiplex

Nominare

to name

nominate, nominal, name, nominative

Postea

Later

postlude, postgraduate, posthumous

Non

Not

nonfction, nonmetal, nonexistent

In

In

In

Aqua

Water

aquatics, aquarium, aqueduct, aqueous

Agricola

Farmer

Agriculture

Bestia

Beast

bestial, bestiality

Figura

figure, shape

figure, figurine, figment, figurative

Flamma

Flame

flame, flamboyant, flambeau

Herba

Herb

herb, herbivorous, herbage

Insula

Island

insular, insulate, insularity

Lingua

Language

language, lingual, linguistics

Nauta

Sailor

nautical, nautilus

Pirate

Pirate

pirate, piratical

Schola

School

scholar, school, scholastic

Alba

White

albino, albinism albumen

Amica

Friendly

amicable, amicability, amity

Beata

Happy

beatific, beatify, beatitude

Maritima

Sea

Maritime

Mea

Me

me, my

Mira

Strange

miracle, miraculous, mirage

Nota

Noted

noted, note, notice, notable, noticeable

Obscura

Dark

obscure, obscured, obscurity

Periculosa

Dangerous

perilous, peril

Propinqua

near to

propinquity

Pulchra

Beautiful

pulchritude

Quieta

Quiet

quiet, quietude, disquiet

Circum

Around

circumstance, circumnavigate, circumspect

 

Here are a few more words to add to the list;

Latin Word

Definition

English Derivatives

folium

leaf

foliage, foliaceous, foliar

aureus

golden

aurorial, aurorean, aurous

plumbeus

leaden

plumbing, plumbous, plumbic, plumbeous

mutare

to change

mutation, commute, transmute

vulnerare

to wound

vulnerable, invulnerable, vulnerary

vitare

to avoid

inevitable, inevitably, inevitability

morbus

disease

morbid, morbidity, morbific

populus

people

populous, population, popular

radius

ray

radius, radial, radiation

arma

arms (weapons)

arms, armed, armament, army

saxum

rock

saxatile, saxicoline, saxifrage

 

SOURCES

        50 Common Latin Phrases Every College Student Should Know. https://practicalpages.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/50-common-latin-phrases-every-college-student-should-know.pdf

        English Vocabulary Derived from Latin – Page 4. http://www.enhancemyvocabulary.com/word-roots_latin_4.html

ancient greek words used in english today

With a history stretching back more than 3,500 years, the Greek language unsurprisingly offers an array of beautiful words, rich in meaning, with which to acquaint yourself. In the English-speaking world, it’s impossible to go a day without coming across at least one word of Greek origin. From the marmalade adorning our morning toasts, to the music we play and the dramas we watch at the cinema, the Ancient Greeks have thoroughly infiltrated the modern English we speak today. There are over 150,000 examples to point at. There are many varieties such as ancient Greek words for love and ancient Greek words for power.

Here are some of these Ancient Greek Words In English.

Greek Words Used In English

Kudos

To give kudos is to offer fame, glory or high recognition of achievement. Note that in American English usage, kudos can take on plural form; for example, “ He deserves many kudos for such work.”

Phobia

Contrary to popular belief, phobia isn’t just fear, it’s an irrational and exaggerated fear of something. Phobia can be associated with people, animals or situations.

Plethora

A plethora refers to an over abundance or excess; a superabundance. For example, you might say, “We have a plethora of food for this party.”

Genesis

Genesis means birth, origin or the coming into being of something, which is why the first book of the Bible is called Genesis.

Dogma

Dogma refers to a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. Dogma is usually associated with religion, where the principles and beliefs are undisputable and authoritative. Pluralized, dogma becomes ‘dogmas’ or dogmata.

Ethos

In Greek, ethos means “accustomed place.” It is used in the English language to refer to the disposition or characteristics of a specific ideology or person.

Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells, or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. There are over 400 types of Anemia.

Acme

Acme refers to the highest point of an achievement or development. It represents perfection of the thing expressed, for example, “He has reached the acme of his career.”

Agora

Agora comes from the word for an open market place found in many of the cities of ancient Greece. In the modern day we use this word to describe any type of open assembly or congregation.

Eureka

Founded by famous Greek mathematician, Archimedes, eureka represents a celebrated discovery. When Archimedes discovered that the water displaced by submerging a part of his body in the bath, was equal to the volume of the submerged body part,  he ran into the street shouting eureka! Eureka!

Philoxenia

This means to show love to strangers. Hospitality was considered to be one of the most virtuous qualities in ancient Greek culture, and philoxenia is the word to describe the value and respect extended towards a guest or visitor in your home or a stranger on the street. The term dates back to ancient Greece, where guests of the Spartan king abused the philoxenia shown to them by abducting the king’s wife, triggering the Trojan War.

Kapsoura

This means a burning desire. There’s no English word that captures the extent of passion and desire that kapsoura evokes. In Greek, the word denotes the kind of love that burns so ardently that it threatens to consume itself.

Philotimo

This means honour. There is no succinct definition for the Greek word philotimo. It is a powerful word used to describe individuals full of integrity and honour, encompassing the pride one takes in living a rich, considerate and meaningful life.

Petrichor

Used to describe The smell of wet earth. So untranslatable is this word that the English language has simply borrowed the term directly from Greek. Petrichor is a poetic way of describing the smell of the earth after it has rained. The word is made up of the Greek petra, meaning ‘stone’, and īchōr, the blood of the gods in Greek mythology.

Meraki

This means to do something with complete passion and love and is usually associated with a task or creative endeavour. The closest English saying is ‘labour of love’, but this has a more negative connotation. The word meraki is positive and all-consuming, with its roots found in merak, a Turkish term meaning to do something with pleasure.

Kefi

Meaning uncontrollable joy, this word describes overwhelming happiness or euphoria, or a good mood or disposition.

Palikari

This defines a young man of note. Taken from the ancient Greek pallax, which meant young man or young lad, the modern Greek word palikari is used to describe a young man who is in his prime or has achieved something great beyond his years.

Sophrosyne

Meaning healthy in both mind and body, this is nother ancient Greek word that is still in use today. Sophrosyne describes an individual who has a masterful control of both their mind and body, along with excellence of character, and is at peace with themselves.

Kairos

Meaning the right moment to act. Closely related to the Greek word for time, chronos, kairos is less a measure of the hours and years than the acknowledgement of one special moment in time. It is the idea of the ripe, perfect moment for action.

Parea

This word evokes a stage of friendship that sees companions, who simply enjoy each other’s company, get together to share their values, ideas and philosophies.

Paracosm

As used in English, comes from the ancient Greek pará, which means ‘beside’, ‘alongside’ and kósmos, meaning ‘world’, ‘universe’. This word denotes a detailed imaginary world.

Acrobat

From the word akri (“tip” or “edge”) and the verb vaino (“to walk”), an acrobat is someone who walks on the edge, often on tiptoe.

Cemetery

A lot of Greek words used in English like to disguise themselves as Old French or Latin. Don’t let looks deceive you, though: This example actually comes from the Greek word koimame which means“to sleep”, which is also the root of another word, koimitirion — “dormitory”. Is it creepy, then, that we call our final places of rest dormitories for the dead? Perhaps.

Cynicism

Cynicism comes from the Cynics, a school of Ancient Greek philosophers. Their namesake is probably derived from a public gymnasium (school) where one of Socrates’s pupils taught called Cynosarges (“white dog” or “swift dog,” depending on who you ask). According to one myth, the Athenians were in the middle of making an offering to Heracles when a dog snatched the animal and deposited it near the location where the school was later built.

Democracy

Ahh, good old democracy. Combining demos (“people”) and kratos (“power”), the meaning of this quintessential Greek word used in English is simply put: power to the people!

Dinosaur

How would you describe a dinosaur? If you came up with something similar to “fear-inspiring reptile,” congratulations. The name we use to call these magnificent, ancient creatures comes from the Greek words deinos (“terrible”) and savra (“lizard”).

Europe

According to Ancient Greek mythology, Europe was a mythological princess with big, beautiful eyes, a trait reflected in the very origins of her name: evrys (“broad”) and ops (“eye”). When the god Zeus laid his own eyes on her, it was love at first sight. He quickly transformed himself into a white bull and spirited her off to the faraway lands we now call Europe.

Galaxy

Many Greek words used in English have mythological origins. Galaxy, a.k.a. the Milky Way, comes from the Greek word for milk, gala. According to one myth, the Milky Way was created by Zeus’s baby son, Heracles, after he tried suckling on his step-mother’s milk while she slept. When Hera woke up to discover that she was breastfeeding an infant that was not her own, she pushed the child away, causing her milk to spurt into the universe.

Hermaphrodite

Hermaphrodite was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite, who apparently couldn’t be bothered with finding a new name for their child. As the most handsome man in the word, Hermaphrodite became an object of affection for the nymph Salmacis. After wishing for eternal love, the gods answered her prayers by joining the two lovers in one body.

Marathon

Thousands of long-distance footraces take place every year around the world. Officially, a marathon is 42.1 km (or 26.1 miles) long, in a nod to the actual distance between two Greek cities. Legend has it that in 490 B.C., Pheidippides ran all the way to Athens from a battlefield in Marathon to announce to the world that the Persians had been defeated at the aptly-named Battle of Marathon. After his victorious announcement, he collapsed and died. In 2010, Greece celebrated the battle’s 2,500 year jubilee with — you guessed it — a marathon.

Marmalade

Although dictionaries will tell you that the word comes from Portuguese, it in fact comes from the Greek words meli (“honey”) and milo (“apple”). Some sources say that the Ancient Greeks liked cooking quinces (marmelos in Portuguese) with honey.

Melancholy

This common Greek word used in English has a somewhat bizarre etymology. Coming from the Greek words melas (“black”) and khole (bile), it was once thought that when your spleen produces an excess of black bile, you feel gloomy. This belief is rooted in the Ancient Greek school of medicine called humorism, which hypothesized that body fluids (“humors”) directly influenced a person’s mood.

Music

Music literally means art of the Muses, the nine Greek goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences. The concept of a museum was originally intended to be a shrine for the Muses.

Narcissism

Narcissism comes from the Ancient Greek mythological figure of Narcissus, a young man who fell in love with himself when he saw his reflection in a lake. One nymph who fell passionately in love with him withered away into nothingness when he ignored her, leaving no trace behind but her voice. Her name was Echo.

Panic

The word panic comes from the name of the Ancient Greek goat-god Pan, who spread terror among nymphs like Echo..

Planet

Planet comes from the Greek verb planomai, which means “to wander.” To the Ancient Greeks, planets were simply wandering stars.

Sarcasm

From the Greek word for flesh, sarx, sarcasm describes the (metaphorical) act of stripping someone’s flesh off with a sneering comment.

Schizophrenia

Combining the words schizein (“to split”) and phren (“mind”), the meaning of this particular Greek word used in English is pretty self-explanatory.

Thespian

Thespian is a fancy word for actor, especially a theater actor. The name comes from Thespis himself, a 6th century B.C. Ancient Greek poet who was said to be the first person to ever appear on a stage as an actor.

If you’d like to learn more, here are some latin words used in english. Check them out.

SOURCES

30 Basic Spanish Vocabulary words for beginners

Learning a new language can be one of the hardest things to do; quite tasking, especially if you need it to be speaking it real soon. There’s even a theory that says the older you are, the harder it is to learn a new language.

Are you travelling to Spain or a Spanish speaking country? Are you afraid the locals might not understand you and you might get stranded? Sure, you may come across some people who may understand English or any other language you speak, and honestly that would be just fine. But you have to admit that things would be so much smother and easer for you, if you spoke Spanish, even if it was just to introduce yourself.

Maybe you’re even learning Spanish for a job. It could even be for academic purposes; a lot of people take Spanish across many levels of education so maybe it’s for school. Maybe you just want to learn Spanish because you like the language, which is a very valid reason, because Spanish is really just an amazing language. Whatever your reason, it can be agreed that this looks like it’ll be no easy task to accomplish.

Not to worry though! Learning this Spanish Vocabulary words pdf  has been made easy! As easy as learning kindergarten vocabulary words.

 

Spanish is the second most widely spoken first language in the world, with more than 400 million speakers. With these 30 Basic Spanish Vocabulary Words and Phrases for Beginners, you’ll be well on your way to become a fluent Spanish speaker. And don’t worry so much about pronunciations; Spanish speakers are very warm and accommodating; they’ll mostly appreciate the gesture, and you do not have to worry too much about making mistakes, or speaking as fast as a native speaker would so it is not obvious that you are a learner. Just take it slow, and whoever you may be speaking too will understand and reciprocate!

 

We’ve also added basic sentences for you; to make learning Spanish Vocabulary words with pictures easier so, you can understand the context and manner in which some of these words are used!

 

It’s important to note that we are not trying to take the place of a Spanish tutor. Should you seek to be learning more, then please by all means, use a language app in collaboration with this guide, or get a tutor for maximum results. Here’s our Spanish Vocabulary words list

Spanish Phrase Bank

Say you’re new in a place, and you are looking to make an entrance. If you’re looking to introduce yourself to someone, then you can say;

  1. Me llamo — My name is
  2. Mi nombre es — My name is

You could also begin with another word, such as ‘soy, which means ‘I am’

  1. Soy —  I am
  2. Hola, soy Markus — Hi, I’m Markus

Now that you’ve introduced yourself and you’re talking to someone, it is polite to let them introduce themselves to you, as well. If you wish to know their name(s), you say;

  1. ¿Cómo te llamas? — What is your name?

If you’ve been introduced to someone, the words ‘mucho gusto’ which literally translate to ‘pleasure’, can be used. It can also be said to mean ‘nice to meet you’. It helps if you’re looking to be polite you say;

  1. Mucho Gusto — Nice to meet you

Now that you know who you are talking to, perhaps you would like to share more about yourself. It is a great way to break the ice and continue the conversation. If you’re trying to talk more about yourself, then these phrases can come in very handy;

  1. Yo tengo … años — I am … years old.
  2. Yo soy de — I come from

Greetings are the creators of conversations. If you’re trying to start a conversation with someone, and you also wish to keep it going, then greetings are in order. Almost everyone knows ‘hola’ which means either ‘hi’ or ‘hello’,but why stop there when you can go further. To share a greeting in Spanish, and you say;

  1. Buenos días — Good morning
  2. Buenas tardes — Good afternoon
  3. Buenas noches — Good evening / Good night

To keep things flowing, asking about the welfare of your companion is a nice step. Here are some sentences to do just that, and keep you very much in the conversation.

  1. Cómo está usted? — How are you? (formal)
  2. ¿Cómo estás? — How are you? (informal)
  3. ¿Qué tal? — How are you? (informal) / What’s up?
  4. ¿Cómo te va? — How’s it going?
  5. ¿Qué haces? — What are you doing?
  6. ¿Qué pasa? — What’s happening?

Of course, it is not always the case that you are the one asking these questions. Perhaps your personality is so charming that they seek to continue speaking with you. In that case, if you’re the one being greeted and you wish to respond, a big smile and these phrases are just what you need

  1. Bien, gracias — Good, thank you
  2. Muy bien — Very well
  3. Así, así — So, so
  4. Como siempre — As always

And you should not be forgetting thus very vital follow up question,

  1. ¿Y tú? — And you?

Now since you are pretty much still a beginner, and it may be difficult to keep up with native speakers, you might want to revert back to a more comfortable language for you, such as English. If it all becomes too overwhelming, and you’re wondering if the person you’re speaking with understands English, but you do not want to be rude by just switching to English, then you ask;

  1. ¿Habla inglés? — Do you speak English?

If responding nicely is still your aim, then you say

  1. ¡Gracias! — Thank you!
  2. ¡Muchas gracias! — Thank you very much!
  3. ¡De nada! — You’re welcome! / No problem!

It’s always nice to add these at the end of your sentences, so that you don’t seem rude. They always come in quite handy!

  1. Por favor — Please (generally used at the end of a sentence)
  2. ¡Perdon! — Excuse me!
  3. ¡Disculpe! — Excuse me! (to apologize in advance for troubling them a bit too much)
  4. ¡Lo siento! — Sorry! (to apologize for a mistake)

These 30 basic Spanish words for beginners should do just the trick in making your travel experience to a Spanish speaking location easy and smooth. We may have covered the basics however, but there are words you could also make use of in the Spanish vocabulary, especially if you are looking to make your usage effective. Here’s a bonus section of commonly used words that you might find useful in your day to day activities in Spanish.

If you want to ask questions, these words are very use

  • Qué…? — What?
  • ¿Quién…? — Who?
  • ¿Cuándo…? — When?
  • ¿Dónde…? — Where?
  • ¿Por qué…? — Why?
  • ¿Cuál? — Which?
  • ¿Cómo…? — How?

Now here are some more complex question structures that you will be needing, especially if you intend to get around.

  • ¿Qué hora tienes? — What time is it?
  • ¿De dónde viene? — Where are you from?
  • ¿Dónde vives? — Where do you live?
  • ¿Puede ayudarme? — Can you help me?
  • ¿Podría ayudarle? — Can I help you?
  • ¿Cuánto cuesta eso? — How much does it cost?
  • ¿Qué hora tienes? — What time is it?
  • ¿Entiende? — Do you understand?
  • ¡Puede repetirlo! — Can you say that again?
  • ¿Qué significa [word]? — What does [word] mean?
  • ¿Puedes hablar más despacio? — Can you speak slowly?
  • ¿Dónde puedo encontrar un taxi? — Where can I find a taxi?
  • ¿Dónde está [hotel’s name] hotel? — Where is [hotel’s name] hotel?

  If you are learning how to ask questions in Spanish, it is also important to learn how to answer in Spanish too

  • Sí — Yes
  • No — No
  • Tal vez — Maybe
  • Siempre — Always
  • Nunca — Never
  • Claro — Of course
  • ¡Sin problema! — No problem!
  • No entiendo — I don’t understand!
  • No (lo) sé — I don’t know!
  • No tengo ni idea — I have no idea!
  • No hablo español — I don’t speak Spanish
  • Estoy perdido — I’m lost
  • Mi español es malo — My Spanish is bad

Perhaps you happen upon an occasion. If you want to send in your well wishes, here are some words to use for celebrating occasions

  • ¡Feliz Cumpleaños! — Happy Birthday!
  • ¡Felicitaciones! — Congratulations!
  • ¡Diviértete! — Have fun!
  • ¡Buen provecho! — Bon appetit!
  • ¡Bienvenidos! / ¡Bienvenidas! — Welcome!
  • Salud! — Cheers!

Saying goodbye can be sad business; very sad business indeed. No one likes goodbyes, and we bet with how your trip’s gone, you wouldn’t really want it to end, at least not so soon. All good things must come to an end, hard as it may be, and eventually you will have to. Here’s how to say goodbye or farewell in Spanish

  • Adiós — Goodbye
  • Chao — Goodbye
  • Hasta luego — See you later (most likely today)
  • Hasta mañana — See you tomorrow
  • Nos vemos — See you (informal)
  • ¡Cuídate mucho! — Take care!
  • ¡Tenga un buen día! — Have a nice day!
  • ¡Hasta luego! — See you soon!
  • ¡Buen viaje! — Have a good trip!

How about regular words that may be used in daily Spanish speak? We’ve also got list of them for you to learn.

Spanish Word Bank

el aeropuerto airport
lapanadería bakery
el parque park
el banco bank
la farmácia pharmacy
la playa beach
la estación de la policía police station
los correos post office
la iglesia church
la escuela school
almacén grocery store
el estadio stadium
el hogar home
tienda  store
la hospital hospital
la estación del tren train station
perro                 dog
el bosque forest
gato                  cat
los árboles trees
ratón mouse
planta plant
ave bird
flor flower
gallina/gallo chicken/rooster
selva jungle
la vaca cow
el océano ocean
pato/a duck
el río river

SOURCES

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