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latin words in english translation

50 Common latin words in english you should know

Latin is one of the oldest and most ancient languages to exist in history. While there may not be cities and countries full of people speaking Latin these days, that doesn’t mean the ancient language is something you can just forget about. Not only are many of our words in English (not to mention many other languages) derived from Latin, but many of its words and phrases are still used in today’s daily speaking and writing.

About sixty percent of the English language comes from Latin. You would be surprised the number of words, and which words exactly have their origins from Latin. Out of the large number, we compiled quite a few.  Here are 50 Latin words in English translation, their definitions and the English derivatives.

If you’re interested in more about the connection of the English language and Latin, check out this article on Latin prefixes.

You can as well challenge yourself further to think of more English words that may have come from these Latin roots, and then check a dictionary to confirm the derivation.

Latin Words in English Language

Latin Word

Definition

English Derivatives

Villa

villa, house

villa, village, villager

Alta

tall, high, deep

altitude, altimeter, alto

Antiqua

antique, old

antique, antiquity, ancient

Longa

Long

longitude, longevity, long

Magna

large, great

magnify, magnificent, magnitude

Picture

Picture

picture, picturesque, pictorial

Nova

New

novice, novel, novelty, nova, Nova Scotia

Terra

land, earth

terrier, terrace, terrestrial, terrain

Prima

First

prime, primary, primitive, primeval

Sub

Under

subway, subterranean, suburban

Corna

Horn

cornucopia, cornet, clavicorn

Est

Is

estate, establish, essence

Habere

Have

have, habit, habitual

Casa

small house

Casino

Via

Street

via

Parva

Small

parval, parvanimity

Lata

wide, broad

latitude, lateral, latitudinal

Bona

Good

bonus, bonanza, bona fide

Copia

Plenty

copious, cornucopia, copiously

Fama

Fame

fame, famous, infamous

Provincial

Province

province, provincial, provincialism

Multa

Many

multitude, multiple, multiplex

Nominare

to name

nominate, nominal, name, nominative

Postea

Later

postlude, postgraduate, posthumous

Non

Not

nonfction, nonmetal, nonexistent

In

In

In

Aqua

Water

aquatics, aquarium, aqueduct, aqueous

Agricola

Farmer

Agriculture

Bestia

Beast

bestial, bestiality

Figura

figure, shape

figure, figurine, figment, figurative

Flamma

Flame

flame, flamboyant, flambeau

Herba

Herb

herb, herbivorous, herbage

Insula

Island

insular, insulate, insularity

Lingua

Language

language, lingual, linguistics

Nauta

Sailor

nautical, nautilus

Pirate

Pirate

pirate, piratical

Schola

School

scholar, school, scholastic

Alba

White

albino, albinism albumen

Amica

Friendly

amicable, amicability, amity

Beata

Happy

beatific, beatify, beatitude

Maritima

Sea

Maritime

Mea

Me

me, my

Mira

Strange

miracle, miraculous, mirage

Nota

Noted

noted, note, notice, notable, noticeable

Obscura

Dark

obscure, obscured, obscurity

Periculosa

Dangerous

perilous, peril

Propinqua

near to

propinquity

Pulchra

Beautiful

pulchritude

Quieta

Quiet

quiet, quietude, disquiet

Circum

Around

circumstance, circumnavigate, circumspect

 

Here are a few more words to add to the list;

Latin Word

Definition

English Derivatives

folium

leaf

foliage, foliaceous, foliar

aureus

golden

aurorial, aurorean, aurous

plumbeus

leaden

plumbing, plumbous, plumbic, plumbeous

mutare

to change

mutation, commute, transmute

vulnerare

to wound

vulnerable, invulnerable, vulnerary

vitare

to avoid

inevitable, inevitably, inevitability

morbus

disease

morbid, morbidity, morbific

populus

people

populous, population, popular

radius

ray

radius, radial, radiation

arma

arms (weapons)

arms, armed, armament, army

saxum

rock

saxatile, saxicoline, saxifrage

 

SOURCES

        50 Common Latin Phrases Every College Student Should Know. https://practicalpages.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/50-common-latin-phrases-every-college-student-should-know.pdf

        English Vocabulary Derived from Latin – Page 4. http://www.enhancemyvocabulary.com/word-roots_latin_4.html

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