Through the word of the week, students will be challenged to develop and extend their vocabulary through learning and using a specific word each week.

‘Word of the Week’ sees students being introduced to a selected word every new week.  Students will be expected to learn to read the word correctly, spell it and understand its meaning.  In developing their vocabulary further they will also be taught further words of similar meaning and given examples of word use.

Each week has a word for focus, and this week we’ll be focusing on the word ‘sanguine’. You can find other words of the week here.


Part of Speech: adjective

san·​guine | \ ˈsaŋ-gwən  \

Definition of sanguine (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : marked by eager hopefulness : confidently optimistic

  • In the month of August 1994, Democrats remained sanguine about their chances at the polls …
  • A lot of attention also is being devoted to the development of vaccines to prevent genital herpes, although not everyone is sanguine about the outcome.


  • the radiant heat from the cedar logs, whose sanguine colour made the silvered locks of his hair into a fantastic wreath of flames.

3a : consisting of or relating to blood

  • some sanguine vessels are obstructed, and distended …


  • attacked by the sanguine … warriors of neighboring islands …

c : accompanied by, involving, or relating to bloodshed : BLOODY

  • From the numerous graves, including those by the barn, which our shells had destroyed; we realized what a sanguine battle it had been …

d of the complexion : RUDDY

  • She was all unnerved; her naturally sanguine complexion was pale …

4 : having blood as the predominating bodily humor

  • An abundance of red blood was marked by a warm and sanguine temperament; whereas, an excess of yellow bile produced the choleric temperament …

also : having the bodily conformation and temperament held characteristic of such predominance and marked by sturdiness, healthy red complexion, and cheerfulness

  • He conceived himself rather as a sanguine and strenuous man, a great fighter.

Part of Speech: Noun

Definition: a moderate to strong red

Synonyms for sanguine

bloodthirsty, bloody, bloody-minded, homicidal, murdering, murderous, sanguinary, sanguineous

Did You Know?

Sanguine has quite a few relatives in English. Sangfroid (“self-possession especially under strain”) and sanguineous (“bloodthirsty”) are consanguineous with sanguine. (Consanguineous, means “descended from the same ancestor.”) The tie that binds these words is sanguis, the Latin word for blood. Exsanguination (“the draining or losing of blood”), sanguinary (“murderous” or “bloody”), and the rare sangsue (“leech”) and sanguinolent (“tinged with blood”) are also sanguis relatives. That’s something you can raise a glass of sangaree or sangria (“a usually iced punch made of red wine, fruit juice, and soda water”) to.

First Known Use of sanguine

As an Adjective; 14th century.

As a Noun; 15th century.

History and Etymology for sanguine

Adjective and Noun

Middle English sanguin, from Anglo-French, from Latin sanguineus, from sanguin-, sanguis


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